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How to repair your face after too much sun

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  The risk of rays

Sunlight contains ultraviolet (UV) rays that heat up your skin, cooking the collagen and elastin. UVB rays (think B for burn) are short in length and hit the skin’s surface, resulting in redness and burning. Contrary to popular belief, sunburns alone aren’t the cause of skin damage; they’re an immediate indication that you’re hurting yourself — and a warning to get out of the sun. UVA rays (think A for aging) are long and penetrate deep into the skin, damaging cells and producing wrinkles, uneven skin tone, dryness and other signs of aging.

  What you can do about Uneven Skin — Tone Pigment making cells go haywire, resulting in spots. Solutions: Intense pulsed light (IPL), chemical peels, exfoliants and lasers. 

Redness UV exposure causes broken capillaries and may lead to rosacea. Solutions: Lasers and mineral makeup.

Fine lines and wrinkles Damage to collagen and elastin makes skin sag and crease. Solutions: IPL, radio frequency, plasma skin resurfacing, CO2 lasers and vitamin A.

Big pores Collagen loss enlarges pores. Solutions: Exfoliants, CO2and vitamin A.

Thick skin The body tries to protect itself, so skin ends up leathery, “like beef jerky,” says Lancer. Solutions: Exfoliants and chemical peels.

Dullness — Damaged skin is drier and flakier. Solutions: Exfoliants, vitamin A and antioxidants.

How to treat your skin at home

Sun damage speeds up the aging process. Exfoliants and skin-repair creams can slow the clock. Scrubs, exfoliant pads like Cebatrol, and mild chemical peels help get rid of dull, flaky skin (a normal sign of aging that appears greatly magnified after UV exposure) and “improves the way skin looks tremendously,” says Lancer. Vitamin A creams quicken cell turnover and can stimulate collagen and hyaluronic-acid production so skin is plumper and more moist, expersts also recommends products with vitamin C, which brightens skin by eliminating brown spots.

Prevent future damage Broad-Spectrum Sunscreen

Look for a block that protects against both UVA and UVB rays, recommends Zo Skin Smart Tone SPF50 or Daily Sheer SPF50.

Mineral Makeup Minerals like titanium dioxide and zinc create a sheer physical block against the sun. Minerals also reflect light, so face gets less red and appears more radiant. Antioxidants For extra protection, apply an antioxidant serum before sunscreen. Antioxidants can prevent and reverse sun damage . Vitamin C, idebenone and green tea are among the most effective and proven to shield skin from harmful rays.